Ongoing Study of Community ID

Nicole L. Novak, MSc, PhD of the Population Studies Center, Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan-Ann Arbor,, has dedicated her research to local identification programs across the country. Dr. Novak’s ongoing study of the Johnson County Community ID is conducted in partnership with the Center for Worker Justice of Eastern Iowa, Johnson County (Iowa) Auditor's Office, Health Equity Advancement Lab (HEAL) in the University of Iowa College of Public Health, and the Washtenaw County (Michigan) Community ID project.

Small Bullet September 3, 2015 presentation to the Johnson County (Iowa) Board of Supervisors

Dr. Novak & (Sergio) Irund A-wan from the Center for Worker Justice of Eastern Iowa

Small Bullet June 10, 2016 presentation at the Cambio de Colores (Change of Colors) Fifteenth Annual Conference Latinos in the Heartland: Building Bridges, Dialogue, and Opportunity in Columbia, Missouri

Irund A-wan – Center for Worker Justice of Eastern Iowa; Barbara Baquero – University of Iowa College of Public Health; Keta Cowan - Synod Community Services and the Washtenaw ID Project, Michigan; Jason Daniel-Ulloa – University of Iowa College of Public Health; Jorge Delva – University of Michigan School of Social Work; Alana LeBrón – National Center for Institutional Diversity at the University of Michigan School of Social Work; William Lopez – University of Michigan School of Public Health; Mayra Elena Martínez – eHealth and eNovation Center at University of Iowa Community Medical Services; Marlén Mendoza – University of Iowa College of Public Health; Nicole L. Novak – University of Michigan School of Public Health; Xiomara Santana – University of Iowa College of Public Health; Rosamond Smith – University of Iowa College of Public Health; and Olivia Temrowski – Synod Community Services and the Washtenaw ID Project, Michigan

Small Bullet October 31, 2016 presentation at the American Public Health Association Annual Meeting in Denver, Colorado

Alana M.W. LeBron, Nicole Novak, William Lopez, Keta Cowan, Misty Rebik, Irund A-wan, Olivia Temrowski, Barbara Baquero, and Jorge Delva

  • Local ID Cards and Community Health: A Collaborative Evaluation of Community-driven Policies in Two Midwestern Counties (Audio recording available for purchase at link)

    The REAL ID Act of 2005 led many US states to restrict access to state-issued driver's licenses or identification cards (ID). Restrictive ID policies disproportionately affect marginalized populations such as undocumented immigrants, the elderly, transgender individuals, individuals with chronic mental illness, and residentially unstable individuals. Lack of photo ID limits access to health-relevant resources including financial services, pharmacies, and secure interaction with law enforcement. In 2015 two Midwestern counties (Washtenaw County, Michigan and Johnson County, Iowa) began to issue county IDs to interested residents to improve access to health-relevant resources that are increasingly contingent upon ID status. These community-driven interventions were led by local organizations: the Washtenaw ID Project and the Center for Worker Justice of Eastern Iowa. Both organizations partnered with academic researchers to design a mixed-methods longitudinal evaluation of the ID policies and their implications for community health. The multi-site evaluation included surveys of ID applicants on the date of application (n=408), interviews with a subset of participants (n=18), and follow-up surveys and interviews 6 months after being issued ID. Advocates and researchers co-developed surveys and interview guides sensitive to the diversity of the population seeking ID. The research process leveraged support for the ID program: bilingual researchers assisted ID applicants in interacting with monolingual county staff and study incentives helped offset the cost of county IDs. The research team promoted ID uptake as it disseminated study results, writing articles for a local street newspaper and co-hosting a celebration of the anniversary of the program's approval.
  • Local ID Cards

Small Bullet April 8, 2017 Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health: Letter to the Editor

Alana M. W. LeBrón, William D. Lopez, Keta Cowan, Nicole L. Novak, Olivia Temrowski, Maria Ibarra‑Frayre, and Jorge Delva

Small Bullet April 11, 2017 presentation at the Iowa Governor’s Conference on Public Health in Des Moines, Iowa

Roz Smith, MPH, National Resource Center for Family Centered Practice; Mayra Elena Martinez, BA, The Signal Center for Health Innovation, University of Iowa Health Ventures; and Xiomara Santana, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Community and Behavioral Health

  • The Community ID Evaluation Project: Addressing Health Equity Through a Local Policy Linked to the Social Determinants of Health

    In the U.S., government-issued photo identification (ID) is often needed to access health-promoting resources, including health care, housing, social services, banking services, and police services. Many populations face barriers to getting photo ID; undocumented immigrants cannot obtain state IDs or driver’s licenses in most states, and more than 20 million adult U.S. citizens lack ID. Communities that disproportionately lack ID include African Americans, Latinos, senior citizens, low-income, homeless, transgender, and those suffering from mental illness. Disparities in access to ID amplify existing health inequities by preventing vulnerable populations from using health-promoting resources. In 2015, Johnson County, Iowa and Washtenaw County, Michigan, became the 8th and 9th US localities to issue ID cards regardless of immigration status. We designed a multi-site evaluation of these new ID policies, conducting surveys with ID applicants before they received their ID, and following up after 6 months of ID use. Participants will be able to describe multiple links between access to photo identification cards and the social determinants of health and health equity, as well as, strengths and weaknesses of new local identification card programs.
  • Community ID Evaluation Project